In the Bierzo, to the northwest of the Aquilanos Mountains and next to the valley of the river Sil, are Las Médulas, fantastic landscape resulting from the Roman gold exploitations, and declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
Its reddish pattern simulates a sinuous and mysterious landscape. No one would say that the boulder cliffs hide, under their gut, the gold of the Romans.
The mining of the Médulas has been muted for many centuries, it becomes a beautiful landscape of great tourist attraction, complete with the museum’s infrastructure of an archaeological classroom. Here we describe, in detail, the period in which the largest open-air gold exploitation of the entire Roman Empire continued its activity.
The Médulas offer the visitor, besides a place of extraordinary beauty, the opportunity to know a curious and complicated system of exploitation that the Roman geographer and naturalist, Plino the Elder, calls “ruin montium”.

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